Workshop on Exploring 4 and 8 Shaft Twills,
with Janet Phillips

Twills are the most logical of all classic weave structures. They create diagonal and zig zag lines and diamond patterns. An in depth and expert tutorial by Janet Phillips an experienced weaver, author and tutor who taught us how to understand, design and experiment with 4 and 8 shaft twills over the six week course. First on paper and then by weaving multiple sectioned sample blankets to explore the different threadings and lifting sequences. The following results form an extensive library from which to draw for our own unique creativity and inspiration.

The picture on the right shows an eight shaft sampler blanket by Barbara Scott of Guelph, Canada

Image

"I do not expect anyone to start weaving until two or three weeks into the course" said Janet. Working through paper exercises will develop your understanding of construction and design possibilities. Start with using squared paper...

Image

A design for an 8 shaft reversed wavy twill by Louise Gray, Cardiff, Wales

Image

Jane Antill, Birmingham - a diagram for her first draft for an 8 shaft zig zag pattern.

Image

An example showing repeating hopsack for 4 shafts by Pat Griffiths, Ceredigion, Wales

Although encouraged to use paper and pencil, Janet mentioned computer programs that could help and for those wanting to find inspiration for additional designs there were several links in her notes that could lead to hundreds more. Twills start from bottom left moving diagonally to top right, but then of course they can be reversed...

Image

Computer aided design for an 8 shaft fancy twill with point and advancing twill. Christina Chisholm, Ross-shire Scotland

Image

Another computer design showing an expanded threading and tie-up. Chris Jordan - Cheshire

After two weeks of theory sampling, we dressed our looms with different threadings and outlined them with coloured borders.

Image

A sample blanket on four shafts following threading example 1. The right side is shown by the heavy yellow thread. Janet Phillips, Tutor

Image

A four shaft sample in rug wool by Patricia Griffiths, Ceredigion, Wales

Image

A 4/4 twill with 'tromp as writ' lifts by Chris Jordan - Cheshire

Image

This sampler was done on 4 shafts following Janet's #2 plan with her own pattern on the far left. Katherine Montgomery, Kentucky, USA

Janet, thank you so much for sharing your expertise. An inspiring workshop with copious notes and interesting on-line discussions.

Image

Low Tide at Brean Janet Phillips - Tutor

Image

Diamond tiles cotton table mats Janet Phillips - Tutor